Credit: HawkEye 360

HawkEye 360 is an American geospatial analytics company headquartered in Virginia. It is a commercial seller of radio frequency (RF) signal location data gathered by a satellite constellation. In 2015, HawkEye 360 was founded with the idea of using space and RF technology to generate usable data by advanced signal geolocation using small satellites. In December 2018, HawkEye 360 launched the first set of satellites, known as the Pathfinder cluster, into orbit aboard a Falcon 9 rocket. The satellites, in both this first cluster as well as a later second cluster, were constructed by UTIAS Space Flight Laboratories. The constellation of small satellites, called Hawk, in low Earth orbit (LEO) will collect information on specific radio signals worldwide to provide high-precision radio frequency mapping and analytics. Each HawkEye microsatellite carries two instruments, a software defined radio (SDR) and an RF front-end module. HawkEye 360 has plans to execute and maintain a 30-satellite constellation. The satellites collect and analyze RF frequencies used by ships for navigation to see vessels true locations and fill gaps in AIS information. HawkEye 360 is the first commercial company to use formation flying satellites to create a new class of radio frequency (RF) data and data analytics.

Satellite info

Nation: USA
Company/operator: HawkEye 360
Platform/configuration: Defiant bus
Mass: 30 kg
Orbit: 500 km - 590 km Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
  • Software Defined Radio (SDR)
  • Radio Frequency (RF) front-end module
Purpose: Radio Frequency (RF) signal location data
Launch vehicles: Falcon 9, Electron

HawkEye 360


HawkEye 360 satellites launch overview

Flight no. Date launch Rocket Launch base Orbit Satellites launched Patch Mission succes?
1 03/12/2018

Cape Canaveral (USA) 570 km x 589 km 3 (HawkEye Pathfinder) HawkEye 360


2 24/01/2021

Cape Canaveral (USA) 522 km x 534 km 3 (HawkEye 2A, 2B, 2C) HawkEye 360


3 30/06/2021

Cape Canaveral (USA) 508 km x 532 km 3 (HawkEye 3A, 3B, 3C) HawkEye 360


4 01/04/2022

Cape Canaveral (USA) 493 km x 505 km 3 (HawkEye 4A, 4B, 4C) HawkEye 360


5 25/05/2022

Cape Canaveral (USA) 522 km x 538 km 3 (HawkEye 5A, 5B, 5C) HawkEye 360


6 24/01/2023

Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1 (New Zealand) 551 km x 555 km 3 (HawkEye 6A, 6B, 6C) HawkEye 360


7 15/04/2023

Cape Canaveral (USA) 498 km x 511 km 3 (HawkEye 7A, 7B, 7C) HawkEye 360


Images: HawkEye 360

Kris Christiaens's Avatar

Kris Christiaens

This article was published by FutureSpaceFlight founder and chief editor Kris Christiaens. Kris Christiaens has been passionate and fascinated by spaceflight and space exploration all his life and has written hundreds of articles on space projects, the commercial space industry and space missions over the past 20 years for magazines, books and websites. In late 2021, he founded the website FutureSpaceFlight with the goal of promoting new space companies and commercial space projects and compiling news of these start-ups and companies on one website.